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Initially published in The Gerontologist, 2008, Special Issue 1: 46-59.

This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced document of an article accepted for publication in The Gerontologist following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version of Howes, Candace. 2008. "Love, money, or flexibility: what motivates people to work in consumer-directed home care?." The Gerontologist 48 Spec No 1, 46-59. is available online at:

© 2008 Oxford University Press

DOI: 10.1093/geront/48.Supplement_1.46


The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of wages and benefits (relative to other jobs available to workers), controlling for personal characteristics, on the recruitment and retention of providers working in a consumer-directed home care program.

This article was written as part of a project titled ‘‘Building a High Quality Homecare Workforce: Wages, Benefits and Flexibility Matter,’’ which was supported by a research grant from the Better Jobs Better Care Program and funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (#049213) and Atlantic Philanthropies (#12099) with direction and technical assistance provided by the Institute for the Future of Aging Services, American Association of Homes and Services for the Aging.




The views expressed in this paper are solely those of the author.